The results of eye examinations conducted in the 2015-2016 National Eye Health Survey (NEHS)  , show that 11% of Indigenous adults (aged 40 years or older) have bilateral vision impairment (VI: impaired vision in both eyes) and % have bilateral blindness (blind in both eyes). The main causes of VI are uncorrected refractive error (63%), cataract (20%) and diabetic retinopathy (%). VI is more common in outer regional areas than in other areas. The main causes of blindness were cataract (two people), diabetic retinopathy (one person), optic atrophy (one person) and a combination of mechanisms (one person). Up to 18,300 Indigenous adults aged 40 years or older were estimated to be living with VI or blindness.