Context of the Research
This section should provide the general information regarding the research that will be undertaken and should make it clear why the problem is worth addressing. You should sketch the background and, where appropriate, should provide a brief theoretical framework within which the problem is to be addressed. You should address the questions: What motivates the research? Why is it being undertaken? How will the results add to the body of knowledge? Where research arises out of problems encountered in personal, social, economic, historical, political or literary contexts, these problems should be briefly stated.
In addition to specified research Master's degree programmes, some universities also award this degree to a doctoral candidate who has not completed the required period of study for a doctorate , but has completed a sufficient dissertation and taught content to be acceptable for an MRes - although in most cases a PhD candidate may be dropped down to the level of MPhil at British universities (in this usage, the MRes is similar to a Master of Philosophy (MPhil) degree that is obtained instead of a PhD). However, the main difference between an MRes and an MPhil is that MRes sometimes (but not always) has taught components (although the main focus is still on research) and therefore might require a first year taught component during the doctoral studies. Research undertaken for a Master of Research degree is typically shorter in duration to that of an MPhil or PhD - around one year, as opposed to two or three, full-time. For humanities subjects, MPhil theses are typically 60,000 words (and PhDs 80-100,000), while MRes or MA(Res) are usually around 35-40,000 by thesis, or lesser for courses with a taught component (a mixture of smaller essays and a dissertation). Some universities  require an oral viva in addition to a written thesis for successful completion of an MRes degree.