98. (c): The benthic region includes all the sea floor from the wave-washed ashore-line to the greatest depths. Depending upon the penetration of light it is subdivided into two main zones: the lighted or littoral zone and the deep sea system. Due to abundance of light, water, oxygen, carbon dioxide and less salanity of water, the tidal zone is characterized by exhorbitant growth of plants. The dense growth of vegetation, on the other hand, provides shelter and food for animals. A wide variety of algae, few grasses and animals of every phylum of animal kingdom are represented in this region.