The Third Great Awakening in the 1850s–1900s was characterized by new denominations, active missionary work, Chautauquas , and the Social Gospel approach to social issues.  The . (founded in 1844) played a major role in fostering revivals in the cities in the 1858 Awakening and after. The revival of 1858 produced the leadership, such as that of Dwight L. Moody , out of which came religious work carried on in the armies during the civil war. The Christian and Sanitary Commissions and numerous Freedmen's Societies were also formed in the midst of the War.